One of the main goals of being a parent is trying your best to ensure that your child lives a healthy and long life. One of the most pivotal steps in keeping your child healthy is vaccines. Vaccines help protect your infants, children, and teens from preventable diseases that could become serious, require hospitalization, or possibly threaten their lives.
We have discussed the importance of vaccines previously, but many new parents may wonder when they should get their child vaccinated. There are many immunizations that your child needs in the early stages of infancy, but many vaccines need to be repeated throughout childhood and even into adolescence. Today, we are going to focus on when certain vaccines are needed.
Hepatitis B (HepB): Typically, before your baby leaves the hospital, they will receive their first of three doses of the hepatitis B vaccine (HepB). Infants are more at risk of developing chronic infections than adults.
HepB: In a baby’s first month, they should receive their 2nd dose.
Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (DTaP): Your child should be given five doses of the DTaP vaccine throughout their life. The first should be given at two months.
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib): Three to four doses of the Hib vaccine will be administered throughout your child’s life. However, the third dose may not be needed, depending on the brand of vaccine.
Polio (IPV): Thanks to vaccines, polio has been all but eliminated. Your child will receive four doses of the vaccine.
Pneumococcal (PCV): The PCV vaccine should be given to your child in four doses throughout their early infancy.
Rotavirus (RV): This vaccine helps protect your child from diarrhea and severe infections that lead to dehydrating diarrhea in infants.
DTaP: 2 dose
Hib: 2nd dose
IPV: 2nd dose
PCV: 2nd dose
RV: 2nd dose
HepB: 3rd (final dose can be administered at 9 months)
DTaP: 3rd dose
Hib: 3rd dose (depending on the brand of the vaccine of your healthcare provider)
IPV: 3rd dose (can be administered anywhere between 6-18 months)
PCV: 3rd dose
RV: 3rd dose (depending on the brand of the vaccine of your healthcare provider)
Influenza (flu): Most healthcare professionals recommend giving your child a flu shot every year once they are 6 months and older. The flu is highly contagious and, in extreme cases, can be deadly.
DTaP: 4th dose
Hib: final dose (can be given between 12-15 months)
PCV: 4th dose (can be given between 12-15 months)
Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR): Your child should be given just two doses of the MMR vaccine. The first can be given between 12-15 months.
Chickenpox (Varicella): The varicella vaccine should be given to your child twice with the first coming between 12-15 months.
Hepatitis A (HepA): The HepA shot comes in two doses that are given to your child within 6 months of each other anytime during this time period.
DTaP: 5th dose
IPV: 4th dose
MMR: 2nd dose
Varicella: 2nd dose
Tdap: A pertussis booster. Ask your child’s doctor if they need to receive a Tdap vaccine.
Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine (MenACWY and MenB): There are two different versions of the meningococcal vaccine. The first is the MenACWY is given to preteens aged 11-12. Meningococcal disease is a rare but serious and potentially life-threatening disease caused by bacteria that infect the spinal cord, blood, and brain.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV): Two shots will be given to your child within a 6-12month period.
MenB: Should be given in two to three shots.
Vaccines are an extremely important tool for parents to ensure that their child lives a healthy, long life. While the importance of them has been long stated, not many parents are aware of what vaccines their child needs nor the schedule they should be given. Contact Tots N Teens Pediatrics to learn more about our vaccine services.